Kodanda Rama

Kodanda Rama means Rama holding Kodand, name of the bow. Here Rama (We will get back to the identification later) is two-armed holding an arrow and a bow in his hands. The quiver is at the back of his right shoulder. Note the dagger on the right-side of his hip.

His stance is Tribangha, triple bend, and it enhances his grace.

Fully ornamented, fit for royalty that he is, wearing a long Dhoti with side tassels Rama is standing on a two-tiered Peetam (Padma peetam and Bhadra peetam)

Normally in this pose, Rama is accompanied by his wife Sita, one of his half-brothers Lakshman and, often, Hanuman. That grouping is referred to as Ram Durbar. Over a period of time they tend to get separated. Incidentally as a part of such Ram Durbar group, Lakshman’s iconography is identical to that of Rama and the height is the only distinguishing factor. Unless they are together it is impractical to identify Rama and Lakshman. Here I identified the Vigraha as Rama , as it is the first to reach me.

Included an example, see below, to show how similar Rama and Lakshman’s iconography. The bronzes were stolen from the Rajagopal Vishnu temple, Anandamangalam and returned recently after a period of 42 years.

Lakshman’s other iconography includes his standing in Anjali mudra (see the Ram Durbar example) or his carrying two quivers (one his own and the other Rama’s).

It looks like the arrow is a part of the original casting. The bow may well have been cast along with the Vigraha. Considering the difficulty involved in casting the bow, the length is a factor, it needs a bit more research before concluding.

This Vigraha is 8.5 cm in height and it is from Tamil Nadu. There is considerable wear and smoothening of features. This may be dated to the eighteenth century.

7 July 2021: Manav Vivasvan through Facebook pages pointed out “Another name (or rather title) of shriram is “kodandapani” meaning “one with kodand in hand” because kodand is name of bow of shriram.”

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