Vithoba (Ganga Jamuna)

 

Vithoba (GJ)

This is Vithoba or Vittala, the reigning deity of Maharashtra. He is also known as Panduranga. The worship of Vithoba is centred around Pandharpur. For more details of Pandharpur deity see Panduranga and Rukmini.

Vithoba here is standing in samapada (without any bend) on a lotus pedestal. His ornaments include crown, earrings, shoulder hara, armband, wristband, multiple necklaces, chest decoration, a waistband with bells, anklets and foot rings.Vithoba back (GJ)

The lower garment has side flares and appears to be full length. Like typical South Indian deities, he is barefoot.

His right hand is in Varada mudra (boon giving) with lotus bud held between thumb and forefinger. His left hand is holding a conch.

This bronze is made in Ganga Jamuna technique. An art form that is no longer practised. The presence of spurning, shaping of the torso region, flares behind neck suggest this bronze is from Western Deccan region.

This bronze is about 14 cm in height. It shows considerable ritual wear. One interesting thing to note the brass part wears out faster than the copper-rich portion. This may date to the eighteenth century.

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