Surya (Pala)

This is Surya, the Sun god. Here he is identified by the fully bloomed lotuses in his hands. As is typical with North Indian depictions, the hands are at about his waist level and the lotus stalks raise from his hands to the flowers which are at his face level.

Other typical attributes of North Indian Surya are the knee-length Vanamala (flower garland) and his wearing boots.

The conical crown with five peaked tiaras, the thin casting (see his left earrings) and the fact the back is worked on are worth noting.

This Surya is slim and is standing in Samapada (without any bend), not unlike the typical stance of Vishnu. This Surya may have been a part of a full-blown sculpture with attendants and a chariot.

This is from the Bihar region and can be safely assigned to the Pala period, 8-9 century CE. It is about 12 cm in height.

The casting, as seen by the thin lotus stalks and his earrings, is superior to what we see in South Indian bronzes. But it is in the aesthetics, especially in capturing the facial expressions, South Indian bronzes excel.

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